THE HISTORY OF FC BAYERN MUNICH
How it all began…
The origins of FC Bayern Munich stretch back 113 years. The club was founded by eighteen young men in the ‘Gisela’ restaurant in the Munich district of Schwabing in February 1900. The club won its first title a mere ten years later, in 1910, when it won the Munich East District League, which it defended the following year. Even this early, Bayern could boast its first international player, Max Gablonsky. By 1920 membership of FC Bayern Munich had risen to 700 and it was already the largest football club in Munich, a position that it maintains to this day. In 1932 the club won its first German national championship with a 2:0 victory over Eintracht Frankfurt.
Picture source: FlickR (Themeplus)
The golden years
1968 was a watershed year in the history of the now record title-winners. To get the best out of his players, new coach Branco Zebec banned them from drinking beer. That same year, Bayern won the double, winning the league by a margin of 8 points ahead of Alemannia Aachen and the DFB-Cup against FC Schalke 04.
The years from 1972-1974 are amongst the most glorious in the history of German football. Under coach Udo Lattek, striker Gerd Müller, the ‘nation’s bomber’, set the German goalscoring record, with 40 goals in a single season – a record that stands to this day. Lattek was there in 1974 to oversee the club’s great triumph, when a 4:0 victory (goalscorers: 2x Uli Hoeness, 2x Gerd Müller) against Atlético Madrid brought the European Champion Clubs’ Cup (predecessor to the modern Champions League) to Munich. In the same year the German national team, with six Bayern players in the starting line-up, won the World Cup at home in Germany.
The Allianz Arena
In the 2005/2006 season FC Bayern, together with coach Felix Magath, celebrated the successful defence of the double won the previous year, a feat never before achieved by any club in Germany. A key factor in this success was undoubtedly the opening of the Allianz Arena in May 2005.
This elite 64,000m² stadium, built at a cost of 340 million Euros, was opened on 19 May 2005 and has a capacity of 71,137. It contains 106 luxury boxes (each with a capacity up to 32), with a total capacity of 1,374, as well as 2,152 business seats (including 104 VIP seats) and 966 ‘Sponsors’ Seats’. Host to the 2012 Champions League Final, the Allianz Arena was, however, renamed ‘Fussball Arena München’ for the event as Allianz was not an official commercial partner of UEFA.
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The football teacher
Season 2009/2010 was marked by fundamental structural changes and upheaval at FC Bayern. The appointment of Louis van Gaal saw a Dutch teacher of football, and with him players such as Arjen Robben and Mario Gomez, move to the club’s headquarters in Saebener Strasse in the Bavarian capital. In his first season van Gaal won the double, as well as reaching the Champions League final. However, the club found itself in turmoil both off the pitch and on it, with major changes in the management structure. After more than 30 years as sporting director, Uli Hoeness was appointed club president, succeeding current Honorary President Franz Beckenbauer in the role.
In the 2011/2012 season FC Bayern became the first club to contest a Champions League final in its own stadium. However, Bayern was to lose the ‘Finale Dahoam’ (home final) on penalties to Chelsea FC. Despite this, FC Bayern looks unstoppable this season, securing the title as early as matchday 28 – a German record.
Picture source: FlickR (az1172)
FC Bayern Munich – facts and statistics
• Honours won by FC Bayern Munich
23x German Champion
15x winner of DFB-Pokal (German Cup)
6x winner of Ligapokal (League Cup)
5x winner of German Supercup
2x Club World Cup
4x Champions League
1x UEFA Cup
• Finances pf seaspm 2011/2012
Turnover in 2011/2012 financial year: 373.4 million Euros
Operative result: 86 million Euros
Profit after tax: 11.1 million Euros
Income from sponsoring: 82.3 million Euros
Income from merchandise: 57.4 million Euros
Income from transfers: 5.0 million Euros
Payroll: 165.6 million Euros
Equity: 278.3 million Euros
Current assets: 127.2 million Euros